Winter 2008

First green shoots of an Indian spring

Design Yatra 2008

Kala Academy, Panjani, Goa, India<br>12-14 September 2008<br>

What is ‘Indian’ design? This was the unofficial theme of September’s 2008 Design Yatra in Goa, India. (The official theme was ‘convergence’ – appropriate enough in a country where cultures and traditions have converged over centuries but where the design profession is still in its infancy and unashamedly apes the West.)

The fact that the Yatra (it means ‘journey’ in Hindi) can attract more than 1000 local designers and students, as well as international stars including Tyler Brûlé, Paula Scher, Erik Kessels, Paul Belford, Nic Roope and Wally Olins, testifies to the growing strength and recognition of design in India. This would not have been possible just five years ago.

The speakers provided stellar examples of contemporary design work that communicates across many media. Scher’s project for the city of Pittsburgh was a prime illustration of this. The council brought her in to design a new logo, in a lame attempt to attract more people to the downtown area. ‘As if a logo would solve the problem,’ she said. Her solution was to connect destinations with a ‘Charm Bracelet’ – a series of art installations in the grim underpasses which link an American city that is physically divided by an urban freeway.

The notion of an ‘Indian design aesthetic’ was brought up in many questions from the audience and the discussions during the breaks.

While the art history of India is extremely rich and the architecture is great, Scher said provocatively in one panel discussion, graphic design there ‘is not indigenous, it is imitated from everywhere’. Olins concurred: ‘India needs to find a design route which is different from the West and entrenched in its own culture.’ He suggested that it would take India twenty years to reach where a lot of other countries are in terms of design, though he did say that the organisations he had worked with there understand that ‘if they use sense of place, they will be distinctive in terms of design.’

Local designers did not necessarily see this as a problem. ‘This is an huge opportunity to redesign everything, in a new sustainable format,’ argued Harsh Purohit, of the Gujarat-based communication design company Cognito. ‘It is an opportunity for the Indian design community in the same way that Y2k was for the Indian IT industry. It’s good for the planet and good for business. The East is where living in harmony with the environment is inherent. We possess this knowledge.’

CoDesign’s Rajesh Dahiya showed why his multidisciplinary studio in Delhi is one of the country’s finest. (His work includes interactive and branding assignments for Levi’s, Titan watches and the Indian handicraft company Craftmark.) Dahiya’s approach involves analysing the core of the communication problem, often throwing out the brief and developing innovative specific cross-media solutions. He was the clear local favourite with the audience, who enjoyed the opportunity to have the work deconstructed and analysed by the designers – and to ask questions.

Professional workshops offered designers an opportunity to work closely with the speakers on a brief in a classroom situation – Olins’ branding class was so popular he had to add an extra day.

This year’s journey asked the question and started the discussion. I suspect that next year the audience would like to explore the design landscape with local guides. As it approaches adolescence, the Indian design industry needs to be listening to its own voice, with local speakers addressing some of the problems facing Indian design practice, and showing how they are finding distinctly Indian solutions.

Julie Fairless, lecturer, Bangalore, India

First published in Eye no. 70 vol. 18, 2008

Eye is the world’s most beautiful and collectable graphic design journal, published quarterly for professional designers, students and anyone interested in critical, informed writing about graphic design and visual culture. It is available from all good design bookshops and online at the Eye shop, where you can buy subscriptions and single issues.